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The purpose of the AIMS Glossary is to collect "technical" concepts used in the agricultural information management context, to provide definitions, and to link them to a set of resources free accessible on the Web for more information.

Big Data

a collection of data sets so large and complex that it becomes difficult to process using on-hand database management tools or traditional data processing applications. The challenges include capture, curation, storage, search, sharing, transfer, analysis, and visualization. (Resource: Wikipedia)

Cloud Computing

A technology innovation that enables computing power and services to be delivered and accessed through the Internet, provided as a service instead of a product.

Concept Scheme

is a set of concepts, optionally specified with semantic relations between concepts.Technically, the category concept scheme is broader that the category thesaurus and includes subject headings lists, taxonomies, glossaries, classifications, and other types of controlled vocabulary.

Content Management System (CMS)

A software package that allows an individual or a community of users to easily publish, manage and organize a wide variety of content on a website.

Controlled Vocabulary

A list of predefined, authorised terms to be used in indexing (human or automated); a way to organize knowledge for subsequent retrieval. Synonyms or See references to point from an incorrect (unpreferred) variant to the equivalent preferred term may be added. The concept includes thesauri and taxonomies.

Creative Commons

Creative Commons is a not-for-profit organization, founded in 2001, that promotes the creative reuse of intellectual and artistic works whether owned or in the public domain.

Here’s an easy step-by-step guide to choose a license. There are four areas of copyright permissions that you can choose to retain or share:

Attribution: Any must attribute your work in the way you have specified.
Share-Alike: Any must license their version of your work using the same sort of license that you’ve used.
No derivative works: The work cannot be modified in any way.
Non-commercial: The work may not be used for commercial purposes.

data mining

A class of database applications that look for hidden patterns in a group of data that can be used to predict future behavior. For example, data mining software can help retail companies find customers with common interests. The term is commonly misused to describe software that presents data in new ways. True data mining software doesn't just change the presentation, but actually discovers previously unknown relationships among the data.

Dublin Core Metadata Terms

Set of vocabulary terms to describe a full range of web resources (video, images, web pages etc. and physical resources such as books) for the purposes of discovery. The original set of 15 classic metadata terms, known as the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set.


a new way of conducting scientific research by the creation of a new environment for academic and industrial research in which virtual communities have shared access to unique or distributed scientific facilities (including data, instruments, computing and communications) (ERINA)

FAO Geopolitical Ontology

Mechanism to describe, manage and exchange data related to geopolitical entities such as countries, territories, regions and other similar areas