OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025: prospects and challenges facing agriculture

The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook offers 10-year projections of agriculture production trends for cereals, oilseeds, sugar, cotton, meat and dairy products as well as biofuels. It also looks at the challenge of climate change and the strategic priorities for sub-Saharan Africa's rapidly-urbanizing population.

Agriculture is a key sector for the achievement of many goals in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which aims to end poverty and hunger and promote prosperity and people’s wellbeing, while protecting the environment. This Outlook outlines how agriculture can actively contribute to the attainment of these goals” (The Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025)

The Agricultural Outlook report – released on 4 July, 2016is a collaborative effort between the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)  and FAO to provide supply, demand, trade, and price projections for the major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish over the next decade (2016-2025).

To present an assessment of medium-term prospects of national, regional and global agricultural commodity markets, the Agricultural Outlook brings together the policy and country expertise of both organizations and input from collaborating member countries.

A special chapter of the report is focused on the prospects and challenges of the agricultural sector in Sub-Saharan Africa.

While the outlook for agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa [with more than 950 million people, approximately 13% of the global population] is broadly positive, it could be much improved by more stable policies across the region, by strategic public and private investments, notably in infrastructure, and by suitably adapted research and extension. Such investments could improve access to markets, reduce post-harvest losses, and make needed inputs more widely available” (the Summary of the report).

Access The Agricultural Outlook report chapter-by-chapter:


Acronyms and abbreviations

Executive summary

CHAPTER 1: Overview of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025

CHAPTER 2: Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa: Prospects and challenges for the next decade

CHAPTER 3: Commodity snapshots

Commodity chapters (not available in full report)


Oilseeds and Oilseed Products



Dairy and Dairy Products

Fish and Seafood



Statistical Annex


Sharing lessons from other initiatives promoting Sustainable Agriculture

What do Ireland, Argentina and Kenya have in common?

These countries have embarked on national, sector-wide initiatives to make their agricultural sectors and food systems sustainable.

Ireland’s initiative called ORIGIN GREEN, Argentina's initiative called  the Unilever’s SUSTAINABLE LIVING PLAN  and Kenya’s VISION 2030 are engaging all stakeholders to fundamentally transform the way of doing business in agriculture and across the food industry.

While there can be obvious trade-offs between economic, social and environmental objectives, these three experiences demonstrate that win-win-win outcomes are possible.  Collaboration among all stakeholders, coherent policy frameworks, and sharing of best practices are vital in order to make all of our food systems sustainable, inclusive and prosperous.


OECD/FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025

(AGROVOC keywords: agricultural products; commodity markets; world markets; forecasting; trends; cereal products; livestock production; biofuels; production costs; statistical data; Africa South of Sahara; aquaculture statistics; fishery statistics; fishery data; fishery economics)



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