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(Download original Agrisemantics poster here).

FOCUS ON SEMANTICS FOR... FOOD & AGRICULTURE

In order to address growing challenges faced by data-driven (agriculture and other) communities, more and more research and innovation is depending on suitable exploitation of models that enable the integration of relevant interoperability solutions, and interoperable knowledge data resources into sustainable digital technologies. Interoperability - which is the ability of reusing, exchanging the data produced by others in your own information system, or vice versa, - is a core ingredient of FAIR data (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable). 

Find out more about FAIR data and the RDA - Interest Group on Agricultural Data (IGAD) pre-meeting (to be held on March 19-20, 2018, in Berlin, Germany) with a theme “FAIR principles to all elements of the research process in agricultural sciences and related disciplines”, in the January 2018 AIMS Newsletter.

>>> RDA Interest Group On Agricultural Data (IGAD) Pre-Plenary 11 Meeting, 19 - 20 March 2018, Berlin

According to The Data on the Web Best Practice (W3C, 2017), interoperability largely depends on how well and explicitly the “meaning” of the data is described and supported through the interoperability of metadata. In this context, semantic interoperability plays a crucial role as it takes advantage of both the structuring of the data exchange and the codification of the data with help of vocabularies to interpret the “meaning” of data to reuse, for organizing and providing better access to data.

In the last years, a lot has been going on in the space of data interoperability. In the agricultural domain, for example, it is worth mentioning Agrisemantics Working Group (WG) created under the Interest Group on Agricultural Data (IGAD) of the Research Data Alliance (RDA). The goal of the Agrisemantics WG is to gather community-based requirements and use cases for an infrastructure that supports appropriate use of semantics for data interoperability, with special focus on agriculture. The outputs of the Agrisemantics WG will be:

(1) A report on semantics landscape for agricultural data;
(2) A set of use cases and requirements;
(3) A document on recommendations for the future of semantics for agricultural data - software, functionalities, semantic assets to enhance data interoperability in agriculture. 

Currently, the Agrisemantics WG is collecting input on use cases on the use of semantic resources for agricultural data - be those controlled vocabularies, metadata schemas or ontologies, or any similar structure you use to describe/define data in your work.

The group is interested in knowing what problems and limitations you (might) face when dealing with them. You are invited to take part in this short survey (open by 15 February 2018).

To provide your use case, please, go to the dedicated public/shared folder.  

Your answers are much appreciated and will contribute to the final output of the group - Recommendations on Tools & Services to be included in future infrastructures for Open Science in agriculture.

To learn more about other actors in semantics & agricultural data under the IGAD of the RDA, please, take a look at On-Farm Data Sharing WG, Rice Data Interoperability WGWheat Data Interoperability WG. This latter group has produced Wheat Data Interoperability Guidelines, which include potential use cases and ontologies to support adoption and use in the agricultural and related domains.

Harmonized data and information exchange standards in agri-food sector are also on the agenda of a Horizon2020 project - eROSA project that aims to elaborate a vision and a roadmap to develop e-infrastructures in agricultural research. Among others, eROSA will: 

(1) Support interoperability across data sources and agree on open, cross-disciplinary and shared standards co-defined with communities to ensure their adoption;
(2) Develop appropriate business models for data sharing and related services, especially for our “common goods” such as those supporting semantic interoperability and data discovery.

Basis for this work is a Vision Paper "Towards an e-Infrastructure for Open Science in AgriFood" that should guide the technical roadmaps. You are invited to access this vision paper and to make your comments directly on the document.

Common vocabularies, application profiles and ontologies are key in ensuring we can make better meaning of the vast amounts of data becoming available every day. The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) maintains AGROVOC multilingual thesaurus considered to be the starting point for any individual or organisation working towards disseminating their agriculture-related work globally. The AGROVOC team invites you to take part in this open AGROVOC Survey to help improve the quality of the AGROVOC service.

Next to the CAB Thesaurus (CABT), and NAL Thesaurus (NALT), AGROVOC has been also the starting point for the Global Agriculture Concepts Scheme - a global open data repository of interoperable terminological and conceptual information in agriculture. GACS is developed in collaboration among FAO, CABI and USDA. A new expanded GACS Working Group of ag- & data-related institutions (under the umbrella of GODAN) has been currently defining its plan of activities on how to expand, improve quality and structure, and maintain CAGS. Stay up to date by visiting Agrisemantics website.

To simplify the task of  retrieval  and using of value vocabularies on support of data representation, there is a number of initiatives creating, curating and maintaining registries of value vocabularies and application profiles. Some of these registries are BARTOC, FAIRsharing, AgroPortal, Dublin Core KOS Relation Vocabulary and VEST Registry.  

The VEST / AgroPortal map is an online database of standards in use for the exchange of agriculture and nutrition data. VEST/AgroPortal Map is the continuation of the AIMS-VEST Registry which now includes metadata from the AgroPortal ontology repository managed by University of Montpellier and Stanford University. Read more about differences and interaction between VEST and AgroPortal

Work on improvements of the VEST/ AgroPortal Registry is currently being conducted under the umbrella of the GODAN Action project, - a support action to the GODAN initiative. GODAN Action involves Wageningen UR – Alterra, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Cooperation (CTA), the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR), AgroKnow, the Land Portal, the Open Data Institute (ODI), AidData, the Institute of Development Studies (IDS).

Beyond this, in order to make VEST/ AgroPortal platform a reliable asset, VEST / AgroPortal team is CALLING ON EXPERTS to HELP IMPROVE this MAP OF STANDARDS. (See who already contributed under Credits

VEST / AgroPortal team needs Your help, especially if you are:

  • The owner / manager of a standard / vocabulary relevant for food and agriculture-related data;
  • Aware of any standard / vocabulary relevant for food and agriculture-related data that is not currently in the map;
  • An expert in Open Data standards.

If so, please, check the current map and if you can, contribute in any of the following ways:

Add new standards that are not in the map yet …

… Click on Contribute: you can register/login (it’s just an access account, we don’t ask for additional information) and once logged in click on “Add vocabulary” under Contribute.

“Claim” a standard that is already there and improve its description …

… Once logged in you can click on “Claim” on the standard page and explain what your responsibility is for that standard. We will grant you access to edit the description of that standard. 

Share and link the content of your vocabulary …

… If your standard is defined using a standard vocabulary (RDFS, SKOS) or ontology (OBO, OWL) language, take one step further and upload it to the AgroPortal, a repository of ontologies and vocabularies where advanced functionalities are included.

Complete this SHORT SURVEY

… to help improve the way the map is organiszed and offer better functionalities.

For more information on MAP OF agri-food DATA STANDARDS, please use this Contact Form.

FOR DATA INTEROPERABILITY, OPEN DATA & SCIENCE 

Research Data Alliance and Agriculture

Data Foundations and Terminology Interest Group (under Research Data Alliance)

The AgMIP Data Interoperability Group (AgDIG)

Open Knowledge in Agricultural Development channel hosted on F1000Research

GODAN ToolBox for making open data work for agriculture and nutrition

The Roadmap to Better Food: Using ICT and Open Data to Overcome Barriers in the Agriculture Value Chain (Open Science FAIR)

INRA2025 : Open Science priority, Data sharing and much more

Implement effective Open Data & Keep it alive with Open Data TOOLKIT

Open Standards, Data, Source, and Innovation as Principles for Digital Development

Agriculture Open Data Package (Open Data Charter)

AGINFRA: Mapping the Data Ecosystem of Agriculture and Food Sciences: Browse by Agri-food Discipline

FOODIE Data Models : rationale for Community for On-Farm Data Sharing

How Interoperability can Strengthen Agriculture and Nutrition (Development Gateway DG)

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