2017 Global Hunger Index: long-term progress in reducing hunger. Data Sharing helps equalize change in the food system

The 2017 Global Hunger Index (GHI) - - jointly published (October 2017) by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Concern Worldwide, and Welthungerhilfe - - tracks the state of hunger in 119 countries worldwide, spotlighting those places where action to address hunger is most urgently needed.

The 2017 Global Hunger Index was presented during the World Food Day Colloquium 2017 - -  Food and Digits,  October 19th, 2017

CONTENT AND SOME HIGHLIGHTS 

CONTENT [ 50 pages ] :

Chapter 1 The concept of the global hunger index [download]

Chapter 2 Global, regional, and national trends [download]

Chapter 3 Inequality, hunger, and malnutrition: Power matters [download]

Chapter 4 Policy recommendations [download]

To capture the multidimensional nature of hunger, GHI scores are based on four component indicators - (1) undernourishment, (2) child wasting, (3) child stunting, and (3) child mortality. 

According to 2017 GHI scores, the level of hunger in the world has decreased by 27 percent from the 2000 level. The 27 percent improvement noted reflects progress in each of these four indicators according to the latest data from 2012–2016 for countries in the GHI.

The advances have been uneven, however, with millions of people still experiencing chronic hunger and many places suffering acute food crises and even famine.

Of the 119 countries assessed in this year’s report, one falls in the extremely alarming range on the GHI Severity Scale; 7 - - fall in the alarming range; 44 - - in the serious range; and 24 - - in the moderate range. Only 43 countries have scores in the low range. 

In addition, 9 of the 13 countries that lack sufficient data for calculating 2017 GHI score - including Somalia, South Sudan, and Syria - raise significant concern (p.19) , and in fact may have some of the highest levels of hunger. 

Spaces for Change Power

Both geography and ethnicity can impact a person’s nutritional status. Moreover, the uneven distribution of hunger and malnutrition reflects wider inequalities of power in society. Power in the global food system is now so concentrated in the hands of these corporations that they largely determine how and which food moves from producers to consumers.

Spaces for Change Power is not monolithic and immovable. It is exercised in a range of forms (from consumption to advertising to policy making), at various levels (global, national, and local), in multiple spaces (from farmers’ unions to UN committees). The vast inequalities in the food system have generated a similarly wide range of efforts to resist and redistribute power. A necessarily selective sample of these efforts highlights both their potential to redress imbalances of power as well as the challenges such efforts face.

Power analysis can help equalize change in the food system ... if:
 

1.) Researchers and analysts use its conceptual tools to name all forms of power that keep people hungry and malnourished, helping draw attention to forms of power that are hard to see because they are exercised, for example, in complex webs of supply chains and distribution networks or through the “soft power” of marketing, advertising, and research funding;

2.) Intervention design focuses more strategically on where power is exerted, highlighting how and when policies and interventions aimed at changing people’s eating habits should be accompanied by actions to address influences on those habits that operate higher up the system

3.) Activists, practitioners, policy makers, and all champions of eradicating hunger and malnutrition can identify and exploit spaces for change in the food system, highlighting obstacles to reform, build coalitions for changing the rules by which decisions get made, devising sanctions with the “teeth” to hold the powerful to account, and empowering the hungry and malnourished to challenge and resist loss of control over the food they eat ... and 

Hold Governments Accountable with Timely Data  !

Data is much more than simply information: in expert hands, it is intelligence (CGIAR, 2016). Worldwide, data can be quickly generated, analyzed and used.

Big datasets from multiple disciplines offer undreamed-of possibilities to find new ways of ensuring food security through innovative data-driven solutions. Experts think that the wise use of data will be one of the most important tools for achieving the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs),   - FOOD SECURITY CENTER     

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